Yoruba Religion Rituals

In this introductory volume, Baba Ifa Karade provides an easily understandable overview of the Yoruba religion. The Yoruba traditional religion believes that all human beings pass through what is known as Ayanmo which translate to destiny or fate. Today, more than 5. Introduction to Yoruba religion Tags: angels , Candomble , Christianity , deities , God , history , introduction , Lucumi , oneness , Santeria , Shango , Voodun , Yoruba I’ve been interested in Yoruba religion ever since a Nigerian friend of mine introduced me to some of its beliefs. In traditional Yoruba religion, the bale was usually responsible for rituals in honour both of the ancestors and of the main orisa worshipped by the descent group. But everywhere She went She inspired sensuality, sexual attraction, love, fertility, and healing in Her devotees. Brennan is Associate Professor of Religion and Director of the African Studies Program at the University of Vermont. Although I was raised Catholic, I did join the LDS (Mormon) church in the mid-70's but left it in the late 70's after looking deeply into the religion, beyond the surface, outward hype. Shango, the god of thunder, is refered to in many of Wole Soyinka's poem's and play's, like The Tiger and the Jewel. and fertility—is the youngest Orisha and one of the most adored in the Yoruba religion. Both are believers in Christ and are where they are today through the power of the Living God. Oladosu Olusegun Department of Religious Studies, Faculty of Arts, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria Abstract Religion is a way of life for the African people. A fragmentation of Yoruba religion into functional departmental headings will have on such a list topics like: divination, vocational gods, legends and myths, objects of. The spiritual tradition is older than Christianity and Islam, and it comes from the Yoruba people of southwestern Nigeria. religion #santeria #IFA santeria babalawo Orishas ifa orisha pantheon regla de osha Yoruba osha cuba Obatala Oggun Eleggua Miguel Febles Padron #rule of osha #Santero spiritual ceremony orula Lukumi #Yoruba religion god animism ancestors santeria. The Yoruba have never seen a need to develop any sort of a creed, establish a hierarchy, or otherwise institutionalize their religion in any way. The Yoruba concept of ancestors & Orishas as messengers of Oludumare were Ifa Karade's "the Handbook of Yoruba Religious Concepts") #Orisha #Yoruba. Image Source The Yoruba strongly believe every man possesses "Ayanmo" (destiny, fate) and that Olodumare is the principal agent of creation. This religion then split into two smaller groups as well. When people are possessed by them they seek help from diviners who try to get rid of the troubles and tribulations through rituals. In the mid-nineteenth century Christian missionaries came to this region and started to have a major impact on the Yoruba people. You can never go wrong with colors in Yorubaland. One idea behind yoruba religion is that natural objects, like trees, rivers, stones, metal, have a spiritual existence. By definition, a religion is a belief system concerning one or more deities and incorporating rituals, ceremonies, ethical guidelines, and life philosophies. Yoruba people are one of the largest ethnic groups in West Africa, primarily living in Nigeria. En sus esfuerzos de esconder su religión africana y sus prácticas mágicas, los lucumís identificaron sus deidades africanas (orishas) con los santos del catolicismo, dando como resultado un sincretismo religioso conocido hoy como la Santería. They are guided by Africans' view of existence after death and the power and role of the deceased ancestor. When people are possessed by them they seek help from diviners who try to get rid of the troubles and tribulations through rituals. Black ink drawing traditional ritual image isolated on white background. Yoruba religious beliefs are part of Itan, the total complex of songs, histories, stories, and other cultural concepts which make up the Yoruba society. There is a well-developed body of literature in Yoruba philosophical studies,. As Ray points out in African Religions: Symbol, Ritual and Community ", Idowu based his interpretation on the fact that Yoruba religion conceives Olodumare as the ruler (Oba) and the lesser gods can be thought of as his ministers, analogous to the political hierarchy of the tradition in which the Yoruba king rules through subordinates of his. Rituals like these are the basis of ceremonies performed in churches and temples of established religions. However, most Yoruba people belonging to the Islamic or to the Christian. The Yoruba religion comprises the traditional religious and spiritual concepts and practices of the Yoruba people. Aladura Christianity: A Yoruba Religion Created Date: 20160809091407Z. They are used in ritual births, puberty, marriage, and death. ' --WHEN ONE RE-INCARNATES, ONES "SELF" OR "ORI" IS WHAT RE-CYCLES —hopefully—good form and expressing a new and good destiny that is chosen in Heaven by Emi. The Yoruba are a diverse set of various tribes that share a common language and culture, who make up about a fifth of Nigeria's population. African life is thoroughly permeated by religion. Cuba: Yoruba Culture in the Caribbean The presence in Cuba of African slaves, who were brought by force by the Spanish conquistadors, a phenomenon that was justified at the time by the need for cheap labor force, also marked the beginning of religious traditions brought to the Caribbean Island by members of the Yoruba tribe. YORUBA BEADED CONE Yoruba beaded cone hat. A selection of Santeria, Afro-Cuban, Yoruba, Ifa products for all of your religious, beliefs & traditions. Burial: Burial rituals are exclusive to family and Osugbo society members- the society of Yoruba elders. Irunmole (Irunmọlẹ ) are the spirits to guide creation and particularly humanity on how to live and succeed on Ayé (Earth). Thus, in a number of the northern Muslim emirates, the emir led prayers for the welfare of the state at the graves of royal ancestors. practices Yoruba spirituality saying that it is no. Many of the words used in Ifa have a tonal resonance used to access the power of Spirit. Offering top quality spiritual, religious and mystical supplies. Ire Okun on Instagram: “#religion #yoruba #osha #maferefunlaosha #santo #santeria #santeros #iyawo #iyaworaje #aleyo #religiosos #orishas #deidades #ashe #ire…” Religion Frases Santero Religión Yoruba Fondos De Pantalla Chidos Deidades Frases Positivas Arte De África Y Afroamericano Frases Fuertes Frases Religiosas. This blog is meant for Nigerians, Italians and other international people who may be interested in the culture and want to become more familiar with it. They are also venerated by the Edo of southeastern Nigeria; the Ewe of Ghana, Benin, and Togo; and the Fon of Benin (who refer to them as voduns). The entire ceremony is orchestrated by two representatives who are chosen or hired by each side of the family. Religious study is the investigation of the myths, rituals, ethical systems, and social formations that human beings have created in response to what they perceive to be powers beyond the human. the handbook of yoruba religious concepts Download the handbook of yoruba religious concepts or read online books in PDF, EPUB, Tuebl, and Mobi Format. I show the Yoruba religion analyzed in characteristics that define it and help us every day to know it and interpret its essence. Two American women who are to be initiated into the Yoruba faith as priestesses travel to Nigeria to take part in a ceremony that involves prayer, head shaving, animal sacrifice, music, and dance. They are guided by Africans' view of existence after death and the power and role of the deceased ancestor. Oaths and Rituals for Infidelity Among Yoruba Christians. We show that this present work is different from the previous works because the earlier works focused on Yorùbá personal names in general, and the present work locates the Yorùbá surnames within particular sub-ethnic groups to show that though all the names described in the. Yoruba sacred. jpg 259 × 194; 10 KB. Where People Gather: Leaders: The Yaruba -Priests of the Yoruba religion, also known as the ritual practitioners. Religious Beliefs and Ceremonies " The Iroquois religious beliefs are centered on an omniscient 'Great Spirit', who they believe is also their creator. Others, appearing as lizards or scorpions anywhere below the face, are a form of body art. “African spirituality simply acknowledges that beliefs and practices touch on and inform every facet of human life, and therefore African religion cannot be separated. The Faith of Yoruba is comprised of the traditional religious concepts and practices of the Yoruba people. Till date, they still maintain some of their cultural values. Candomblé-A Unique Religion Posted on July 27, 2016 by gala2013 Calandus, a religious practice known today as Candomblé, is an African-Brazilian religion that originated from the forced imposition of the Catholic religion on African slaves during the colonial era. Basic Yoruba belief involves ritual practices such as singing, dancing, drumming, spirit possession, ritual healing, respect for ancestors and divination. 1 Introduction Religion has fascinated scientists for hundreds of years. In many religions, one of the main beliefs is that there is a "deity" (or god) who is a great creator spirit. If you are interested in any of the mentioned topics we look forward to your participation and contribution. He uses as demonstration the similarity or identity of languages, religious beliefs, customs and names of persons, places and things. Click Download or Read Online button to get the handbook of yoruba religious concepts book now. ``the greatest. This article is not a comprehensive guide, but it will give you a fundamental understanding of who the Yoruba are, Yoruba beliefs and traditions, and Yoruba religious concepts. Monday belongs to Yemonja/Olukun. Although there are several different rituals, all of them have a deeper meaning to the Yoruba people, Many reflect on the "rites of passage", which symbolize a "rebirth' for the Yoruban people. It is a major religion in Africa, chiefly in Nigeria, and it has given origin to several New World religions such as Santería in Cuba and Candomblé in Brazil. Belief in the efficacy of intercessory prayer is widespread. For Christians a candle is lit to “signify the light of the world and ask for the presence of God” (Hornblend. If you read the traditional religious literature of Africa closely you will discover that there is a very ancient, wide spread and cross cultural reverence for the Spirit of Iron. Yoruba religion around the world Main article: Yoruba history According to Professor S. Yoruba is a tribe, but it is also a language. Click Download or Read Online button to get the handbook of yoruba religious concepts book now. It depends highly on the ritual knowledge of the Yorùbá-informants, when it comes to retranslating. In the religion of the Yoruba a continuity can be seen between the divinities, the kings, and the ancestors. Pertinent among such beliefs, are the beliefs in ori1 and human destiny. LA SANTERIA is one of the most important religions in Cuba. Its homeland is in Southwestern Nigeria and the adjoining parts of Benin and Togo, a region that has come to be known as Yorubaland. Religious Beliefs. Yoruba religion is the basis for a number of religions in the New World, notably Santería, Umbanda, Trinidad Orisha Haitian Vodou and Candomblé. Athelia Henrietta Press. Twins are considered sacred by birth among the Yoruba people. Three good introductory texts are: Four New World Yoruba Rituals, by John Mason, Finding Soul on the Path to the Orisha, by Tobe Melora Correal and Santeria, by Joseph Murphy. It should be noted that any attempt to generalize about the nature of "African religions" risks wrongly implying that there is homogeneity among all African cultures. Ondo State (Nigeria) > Religious life and customs. Nevertheless, there is not enough information about the precise nature of the rituals. The orishas are the emissaries of Olodumare or God almighty. For this one must think that in Cuba they where incorporated in the rituals of the religion for the conditions the salves where living in Cuba. Important to the Yoruba religion are storytelling and the journey of life, and these are connected to many sacred rituals. According to a 2010 survey conducted by the Pew Forum, Nigeria’s population has both Christians and Muslims in a nearly equal ratio, with a small percentage of the population following other religious beliefs such as indigenous faiths and no affiliations at all. Inside the original concept of the Religion Yoruba , The so called Tools of the Orisha that accompany the Otans where never present. Although there are several different rituals, all of them have a deeper meaning to the Yoruba people, Many reflect on the "rites of passage", which symbolize a "rebirth' for the Yoruban people. View the interactive image by Lorenzo Sacchi. The first-born twin is usually named “Taiyewo” and the second is named “Kehinde. Ashe is sometimes associated with Eshu, the messenger òrìṣà. Believers in the Yoruba religion turn to Ifa in times of trouble. Yoruba traditional culture, which predates both Christianity and Islam does in fact contain a specific spiritual worldview and along with it, spiritual practices. This article is not a comprehensive guide, but it will give you a fundamental understanding of who the Yoruba are, Yoruba beliefs and traditions, and Yoruba religious concepts. Vestiges of Yoruba culture are also found in Brazil and Cuba, where Yoruba were imported as slaves. Ogboni rituals are similar to Yoruba rituals provided in the modern society. Trained from an early age by both Lucumi and Traditional Yoruba masters, Ofunshi brings a unique perspective of African spirituality through his vast knowledge of Afro-Cuban syncretic religious practices such as Santeria (Lucumi)…. Abstract: Exploitation by a stronger country of weaker one or the use of the weaker country's resources to. Yoruba religious beliefs share tied with Itan, which comprises songs, histories, stories, and other cultural concepts of the Yoruba society. The Yorùbá are one of the largest ethnolinguistic groups in Nigeria, with a population of about 20 million people residing in the Southwest (Yoruba, 2012). -Chief priests of Ifa or other orisa traveled to countries if the diaspora to learn ancient rituals, practices, and shrines that had been lost in. I respectfully disagree with both of answers above. Unlike the indigenous religion, Yoruba Christianity is an off-shoot of early Christianity introduced by missionaries around 1842. Important to the Yoruba religion are storytelling and the journey of life, and these are connected to many sacred rituals. Mentions of dance are present in all of their holy books that date from 2000 years ago, and the followers of these religions continue to preserve dance and incorporate it into daily rituals. The figures in this scene, identified through Yoruba oral traditions and religious beliefs, may be participating in an installation ceremony for the ruler of a satellite Yoruba kingdom that involved sacrifice and reporting of this deed to the paramount king of the Yoruba, the Oni of Ife. This story was written down by David A. Having the advantage of being exposed to western ideas, Yoruba people integrate modern customs into their traditional marriage ceremonies. Yoruba Imports is home to African cultural and religious goods, especially those pertaining to the practice of Ifa. Like my life and your life, this religion is a legacy of our beloved Africa. The Yoruba religion affirms that when a person dies, its soul enters the kingdom of the ancestors from where, these continue having influence on the Earth. Twins are considered sacred by birth among the Yoruba people. Dance in Religion and Mythology. Religious Beliefs and Ceremonies " The Iroquois religious beliefs are centered on an omniscient 'Great Spirit', who they believe is also their creator. As Anabaptists, the Amish place supreme importance on adult baptism. See more ideas about Orisha, Yoruba people and Yoruba religion. Several of these textile fabrics are seen in three ways: as art, social symbols, and displays of creative technique. The single head is surmounted by a conical cap which is pierced for suspension. The Symbolism and Ritual Context of the Yoruba Laba Shango Created Date: 20160808215834Z. The Yoruba religion informs Death and the King's Horseman and therefore merits consideration. About this Ifa Yoruba religion website. Ade Dopamu, Professor of Religion. Aquel palero que paso de la palería al sacerdocio de Ifa, deberá respetar su nuevo ordenamiento y dejará atrás sus praticas mayomberas. As a goddess of love, Oshun is depicted as a beautiful, charming and sensual young woman. He uses as demonstration the similarity or identity of languages, religious beliefs, customs and names of persons, places and things. ” Santeria is based on Yoruba beliefs, while Voodoo is based on Fon and Ewe beliefs. This essay presents an overview of past and recent scholarship in Yoruba religion. His Kingship, Religion and Rituals in a Nigerian Community: A Phenomenological Study of Ondo Yoruba Festivals has become a model for ethnographic research among Yoruba-speaking communities. Buy in the privacy and security of your computer. The Yoruba claimed to have 401 gods (meaning "lots"). This book is introduced by: THE YORUBA RELIGION SPIRITUAL CHURCH. It depends highly on the ritual knowledge of the Yorùbá-informants, when it comes to retranslating. Get an answer for 'What are six common features of religion?' and find homework help for other Religion questions at eNotes Often times this negotiation occurs by way of ritual—the third. African Religion and Beliefs. La santería se basa en la religión yoruba, originaría de Nigeria, Africa. Faso more than 33 percent follow African religion, although it is not the religion of the majority. Explain their significance in the religious life of the Yoruba. Ogboni rituals are similar to Yoruba rituals provided in the modern society. ' --WHEN ONE RE-INCARNATES, ONES “SELF” OR “ORI” IS WHAT RE-CYCLES —hopefully—good form and expressing a new and good destiny that is chosen in Heaven by Emi. The answer probably lies in another version of the Yoruba creation myth (collected by Samuel Ajayi Crowther, 1852:207) to the effect that the Yoruba once regarded Oduduwa as the Supreme Goddess, an embodiment of Heaven and Earth. So we continue. Read "The Handbook of Yoruba Religious Concepts" by Baba Ifa Karade available from Rakuten Kobo. Olupona, who joined the Faculty of Divinity and Faculty of Arts and Sciences in 2006, is a noted scholar of indigenous African religions. It is the religion of the Yoruba people. About God, Buddhist, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, Jainism. 1 Civil religion is the incorporation of common myths, history, values, and symbols that relate to a society's sense of collective identity. When Yoruba slaves were brought to the New World. What is true religion? The two most common ingredients in religions are rules and rituals. In many religions, there is just one deity that the people believe in. This article surveys the role of Yoruba civilization as the source of these traditions, the historic forms in which the traditions were constructed in the Americas, their basic beliefs and practices, and issues in their future development. Yoruba is a West African spirituality that some Anthropologists estimate is 10,000 years old! It comprises the beliefs of the Yoruba people, whose homeland is in the South Western part of Nigeria and adjoining parts of Benin and Togo. Most of those groups, however, share the characteristic beliefs outlined above. It has elements mainly of the Yoruba religion and Christianity. “African herbal medicine is commonly called Yorubic or Orisha medicine on the African continent. But that is the Fon, and this page is mainly about the Yoruba. Olumide Lucas, one of the pioneer scholars of Yoruba religion and himself a Yoruba elder:. The Yoruba people have developed an extraordinary civilization, based around the city-state of Ife. Each ritllal has its taboo that should be avoided by the priest-king, Ol6rf dwon [woro, other priests, [woro or Abore, and the worshippers. I respectfully disagree with both of answers above. Òrìṣà (spelled òrìṣà in the Yoruba language, and orichá or orixá in Latin America) are the Human form of the spirits sent by (Olodumare, Olorun, Olofi) in Yoruba Traditional identity. Indigenous Beliefs. The new age of Yoruba beliefs have risen, in the US, in the last century due to the influx of Puerto Rican and Cuban immigrants to the US. It is the belief of the Yoruba that while the Orisanla is the deputy of Olodumare, or the son of Olodumare, in his creative functions and even executive functions, Orunmila essentially is the diffusion of Olodumare’s omniscience and wisdom. A combination of Christian and African beliefs has created a number of smaller fusion religions. They are folk religions, and combine different beliefs. YORUBA BEADED CONE Yoruba beaded cone hat. Only properly prepared priests can perform these rituals, but they can be performed for anyone. IFÁ is one of the sacred oral texts of the Yoruba people of West Africa (parts of present-day Nigeria, Benin, Burkina Faso). Santeria, A syncretistic Caribbean religion Beliefs and practices. Aug 25, 2013 · Ancient African Religion Finds Roots In America African-American followers of Yoruba say it offers a spiritual path as well as a sense of cultural belonging. The Yoruba religion also referred to as Ifa religion is the traditional religious concepts and practices of the Yoruba people, is found primarily in southwestern Nigeria and the adjoining parts of Benin, commonly known as Yorubaland. Oladosu Olusegun Department of Religious Studies, Faculty of Arts, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria Abstract Religion is a way of life for the African people. Nigeria: Prevalence of ritual practices, such as human sacrifice and the drinking of blood, upon initiation to chieftaincy or during chieftaincy in Yorubaland; state reaction to ritual practices in chieftaincy, especially the respective state ministries of chieftaincy affairs; prevalence and consequences of refusing a Yoruba chieftaincy title. There are many different religions, each with a different set of beliefs. The Yoruba religion’s ideas regarding god, sacred ritual, and humanity are vast and complex. When people are possessed by them they seek help from diviners who try to get rid of the troubles and tribulations through rituals. Private religion Religion continued down into the level of family and individual. In Haiti the Yorubas was called Anagos. The rituals, initiations, parables, and songs give us the information we need to study the mechanics of the natural world. Your religious beliefs will not change the laws of nature, logic and human psychology. Yoruba religion (Irunmole) is a monotheistic religion with one almighty god. Introduction to Yoruba religion Tags: angels , Candomble , Christianity , deities , God , history , introduction , Lucumi , oneness , Santeria , Shango , Voodun , Yoruba I’ve been interested in Yoruba religion ever since a Nigerian friend of mine introduced me to some of its beliefs. If no one takes out the trash the ritual won’t be able to proceed. Reviews “By looking at song and sound as critically important aspects of worship, Vicki L. Starting in the 16th century, large numbers of Yoruba natives were transported as slaves to the Caribbean and the Americas. Oshun, or Ochun…in the Yoruba religion, is an Orisha who reigns over love, intimacy, beauty, wealth and diplomacy… According to the Yoruba elders, Oshun is the "unseen mother present at every gathering", because Oshun is the Yoruba understanding of the cosmological forces of water, moisture, and attraction…. and skepticism to initiation as a Yoruba priestess in the Santería religion. According to Olumide J. The Yoruba are a diverse set of various tribes that share a common language and culture, who make up about a fifth of Nigeria's population. The Yoruba religion has become widespread throughout the western hemisphere as well as its native Africa. Afterwards we'll continue the tour, taking you to one of the most interesting places in Havana: the house of a babalawo (Yoruba high priest). The language of this religion is known as Lucumi, and has a dialect of the Yoruba language (which is primarily spoken in regions of West Africa). But everywhere She went She inspired sensuality, sexual attraction, love, fertility, and healing in Her devotees. There are many deities such as Sango (god of thunder), Ogun (god of iron), Soponna (god of smallpox), Yemoja and so many other gods. Many of the words used in Ifa have a tonal resonance used to access the power of Spirit. IFA: Òrìṣa Scientific Spirituality August 8, 2018 · While you're busy worshipping that beige or white deity called Jesus, or following the beige Mohammad, or some other non-Black deity that doesn't look a thing like you and hasn't done a thing for you, I'll be worshipping the Black woman as the Supreme Being incarnate. The Yoruba derived religious practice of Orisha worship is a religious system based on the veneration of a supreme god, various deities (Orishas), and ancestral spirits. The Yoruba calendar is full of religious holidays and rituals to worship these gods, most of which are practiced even by Christian and Muslim Yoruba as a form of cultural dedication. Yoruba religion is the basis for a number of religions in the New World, notably Santería, Umbanda, Trinidad Orisha Haitian Vodou and Candomblé. A religious leader is feared, respected and loved. Using a performance paradigm, Margaret Thompson Drewal forges a new theoretical and methodological approach to the study of ritual that is thoroughly grounded in close analysis of the thoughts and actions of the participants. the various rituals and rites that constitute Yoruba traditional religion. Yoruba mythology is sometimes claimed to be one of the world's oldest widely practised religions. Mothers may undergo rituals to ensure the well being of the baby while still in the womb. Mormon Rituals. God is eternally self-subsisting, omniscient, omnipresent. Nevertheless, there is not enough information about the precise nature of the rituals. Children's names may even provide insights into important cultural or socio-political events at the time of their birth. FSI- Yoruba Intermediate Course This course is based on a series of brief monologues, recorded impromptu by John O. If you are interested in any of the mentioned topics we look forward to your participation and contribution. Santeria combines influences of Caribbean tradition, West Africa's Yoruba spirituality, and elements of Catholicism. African religious traditions were fused with the Spanish culture to form groups with distinctive identities. Santería is a system of beliefs that merges aspects of Yoruba religion brought to the New World by enslaved Yoruba people along with Christianity and the religions of the indigenous peoples of the Americas in addition to Cuban Spiritism which developed from Allen Kardec Spiritism. One Response to Yoruba people of Nigeria, the history, religion, and arts ojoade modupe July 18, 2011 at 2:24 am i am proud 2 be a yoruba lady though from ondo state, i love yoruba way of greeting,dressing,music n their food,although in my place ondo,we eat 'pupuru and obe orugbo'. Anderson/ Sankofa, who learned it from his father, who learned it from his mother, and so on back through the Yoruba people and through time. The Yoruba treat their ancestors with great respect, as might be expected in a culture with only oral records of the past, but anthropologists debate as to whether the rituals dealing with ancestry are religious in nature, or simply respectful. PORT OF SPAIN, Aug 19 1999 (IPS) - Its followers insist it is not a religion, but a spiritual discipline whose philosophy has no concept of the devil as postulated by other faiths. Most of those groups, however, share the characteristic beliefs outlined above. Its ritual of animal sacrifice, he revealed on his own. Yorùbá religion is formed of diverse traditions and has no single founder. Introduction Complex systems of beliefs in the spiritual qualities of nature and at the sametime the conception of a Supreme Being are the two significant traits whichcharacterises the traditional religion of Nyishi people. Orunmila is a very important Orisa in terms of daily religious life and practices of the Yoruba. The Impact of African Traditional Religious Beliefs and Cultural Values on Christian- Muslim Relations in Ghana from 1920 through the Present: A Case Study of Nkusukum-Ekumfi-Enyan area of the Central Region. Introduction to Yoruba religion Tags: angels , Candomble , Christianity , deities , God , history , introduction , Lucumi , oneness , Santeria , Shango , Voodun , Yoruba I’ve been interested in Yoruba religion ever since a Nigerian friend of mine introduced me to some of its beliefs. Oya is a Free Spirit, a Goddess unbound by convention and tradition. Yoruba and Lucumí Ritual: An Overview. May 8, 2019- Explore lalunachula's board "Santeria", followed by 444 people on Pinterest. God is the source and the ultimate controller of the vital forces, but the deities are the intermediaries between man and God. The musician or the performer and their performances often constitute. When people are possessed by them they seek help from diviners who try to get rid of the troubles and tribulations through rituals. Orisas, traditional Yoruba deities, are combined with Roman Catholic saints whose hagiography matches different aspects of the sacred stories, the itan or patakí of. YORUBA RELIGION. Storytelling is an essential part of their religion, which are connected to many holy rites and rituals. It focuses on the diversity of ethnic groups, languages, cultures, and worldviews, emphasizing the continent's regional diversity. Santeria is a prominent religion found in Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Dominican Republic. Learn about the Yoruba faith, a religion that is among the world’s ten largest, in this media gallery from Sacred Journeys with Bruce Feiler. The West African nation of Nigeria is comprised of between 250 and 400 ethnic groups, but 60 percent of the people belong to one of four main groups, the Hausa, Fulani, Igbo and Yoruba. The Golden Chain. Practitioner of this tradition believes in one God, the creator of all things. Yoruba is a tribe, but it is also a language. In this introductory volume, Baba Ifa Karade provides an easily understandable overview of the Yoruba religion. While the basic religious beliefs remain the same, the religion is now a fusion of authentic Yoruba from Africa; indigenous native (Indian) beliefs and Christianity from Europe. Slaves from West Africa were imported to Cuba in the 17th century, and they brought their religious tradition with them. The central place of Ifa divination in Yoruba religious practices lies in the fact that through Ifa individuals can communicate with all the deities and yet do not need to be followers of Ifa to use the divination system; they can be a followers of any religion including Christianity or Islam. Thus, it is to the credit of traditional Yoruba tolerance that there has been no religious persecution or war among them since the coming of Christianity and Islam, the two proselytizing religions. Each ritllal has its taboo that should be avoided by the priest-king, Ol6rf dwon [woro, other priests, [woro or Abore, and the worshippers. If you are interested in any of the mentioned topics we look forward to your participation and contribution. First of all, the organization hides its secrets very efficient. Yoruba is a West African spirituality that some Anthropologists estimate is 10,000 years old! It comprises the beliefs of the Yoruba people, whose homeland is in the South Western part of Nigeria and adjoining parts of Benin and Togo. Understanding Ifa and the Odu is like holding the master key, for it allows us to unlock all of nature's doors. The religious traditions of the Lucumi nation in Cuba were an amalgamation of the religious practices of Orisha worship of the Yoruba people, and other West and Central African religious traditions. There are many actions which we will condemn as morally wrong and ought not to be done by anybody. Similarities between Christianity and Africa Traditional Religion. Graphic illustration Set of colorful ethnic, african, mexican mask, ritual element Ethnic tribal mask. Yoruba Art and Masks African Masks and Tribal Art for sale from the Yoruba (Yorba, Yorouba) people of Nigeria and Benin. It is found primarily in Southwestern Nigeria and the adjoining parts of Benin, and Togo. It is a major religion in Africa, chiefly in Nigeria, and it has given origin to several New World religions such as Santería in Cuba and Candomblé in Brazil. When the Yoruba people from southwestern Nigeria were enslaved and transported to Cuba they brought their religion along with them. Yoruba Religion and Nature. Its origins date back to ancient Africa. Ife was considered scared because it was there that their god Orisha-nla began creation. Some religions are essentially nothing more than a list of rules, do’s and don’t's, that a person must observe in order to be considered a faithful adherent of that religion, and thereby, right with the God of that religion. Haitian religious activities gave an honor place to the rites and Yorubas beliefs, its pantheon includes numerous deities of Yoruba origin. The rituals, invocations, incantations and recitations of traditional Yoruba religion are not expressed through conversational Yoruba. Within the religion of the Orisha, I discovered why all Yoruba are innately and fundamentally imbued with the spirit of a longing for peace, and knowledge, a sense of communal harmony, love of fellowship and fellowman, irrevocable reverence of elders, communion with ever present ancestors, the persisting profuse and profound greeting rituals. Yoruba peoples of southwestern Nigeria conceive of rituals as journeys -- sometimes actual, sometimes virtual. With the support of the National Science Foundation, the Social Science Research Council, the National Endowment for the Humanities, the Spencer Foundation, and. God is the source and the ultimate controller of the vital forces, but the deities are the intermediaries between man and God. According to J. (In Yoruba traditional beliefs the soul is housed in the head, not the heart. He uses as demonstration the similarity or identity of languages, religious beliefs, customs and names of persons, places and things. Religions of the world Ifa: the religion of the Yoruba peoples. The earliest studies of Yoruba religious traditions were carried out by mlssionarles, travellers and explorers who were concerned with writ~ng about the so called "pagan" practices and "animist" beliefs of the African peoples. Divination, sacrifice, spirit possession, initiation, belief in psychic phenomena, priesthood and other Yoruba systems of worship are prevalent in Santería. Are blacks abandoning Christianity for African faiths? department who freely participates in Yoruba and other African-based religions. May 8, 2019- Explore lalunachula's board "Santeria", followed by 444 people on Pinterest. Lucas, "the Yoruba, during antiquity, lived in ancient Egypt before migrating to the Atlantic coast". When the Yoruba people from southwestern Nigeria were enslaved and transported to Cuba they brought their religion along with them. It is found primarily in Southwestern Nigeria and the adjoining parts of Benin, and Togo. Submitted by Francis Acquah to the University of Exeter as a thesis for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Theology in December 2011. They are used in ritual births, puberty, marriage, and death. 1 Civil religion is the incorporation of common myths, history, values, and symbols that relate to a society's sense of collective identity. Therefore, this paper aims to discuss the influence of traditional healing practices Ifa (divination), rituals and sacrifices on holistic health among the Christian families in South-West Region of Nigeria. Yoruba Traditional Wedding Ceremony – Igbeyawo. In the faith of the Yoruba, each person “has a destiny [they] have somehow forgotten” (Prothero, 204). In fact, Africa is a vast continent encompassing both. It should be noted that any attempt to generalize about the nature of “African religions” risks wrongly implying that there is homogeneity among all African cultures. After Christianity and Islam, they are the third-biggest religious group in Africa. Sign up today and get $5 off your first purchase. In a telephone interview with the Research Directorate, a professor of African religious traditions and African and African American Studies at Harvard University described oath-taking for infidelity as "not a Christian practice" (23 Feb. Ancestors mediate between God and man. They take place at every level, from individuals to groups, families, or whole communities. The grave is dug inside the deceased's house. This religion then split into two smaller groups as well. It is a major religion in Africa, chiefly in Nigeria , and it has given origin to several New World religions such as Santería in Cuba and Candomblé in Brazil. So what? For starters, families raising their children following Yoruba traditional religion (and variants, Lukumi, Candomble, etc…) take the spiritual lives of their children very seriously from the moment they are born. Religions of the world Ifa: the religion of the Yoruba peoples. One example of this is the fact that marrages are always arranged by the parents of the bride/ groom. Candomble also has elements of Christianity, particularly of Catholicism. This bronze cast head is of an early ruler Obalufon, an Oni, the ruler at Ife. It is based on reverence of African ancestors who are celebrated as a heirarchy of about 401 chief and minor dieties. The African Concept of Death Death, although a dreaded event, is perceived as the beginning of a person's deeper relationship with all of creation, the complementing of life and the beginning of the communication between the visible and the invisible worlds. This blog is meant for Nigerians, Italians and other international people who may be interested in the culture and want to become more familiar with it. Yoruba traditional culture, which predates both Christianity and Islam does in fact contain a specific spiritual worldview and along with it, spiritual practices. Yoruba people are one of the largest ethnic groups in West Africa, primarily living in Nigeria. Mapping Yorùbá Networks. Basic Yoruba belief involves ritual practices such as singing, dancing, drumming, spirit possession, ritual healing, respect for ancestors and divination. It is a major religion in Africa, chiefly in Nigeria, and it has given origin to several New World religions such as Santería in Cuba and Candomblé in Brazil. These rituals and ceremonies take place in what is known as a house-temple or casa de santos (house of saints) also known as an ilé. In many religions, there are other types of spirits. The main difference between Santeria and Voodoo is the Spanish influence of Santeria and the French influence of Voodoo. The Aladura movement began about 1918 among the younger elite in the well-established Christian community based on dissatisfaction with Western religious forms, European control of the churches, and lack of spiritual power. Therefore, according to the. The African Concept of Death Death, although a dreaded event, is perceived as the beginning of a person's deeper relationship with all of creation, the complementing of life and the beginning of the communication between the visible and the invisible worlds. Santeria is an Afro-Caribbean religion which is becoming more widely practiced in North American as immigration continues from Latin America and specifically Cuba. There are many actions which we will condemn as morally wrong and ought not to be done by anybody. Yoruba religion is formed of diverse traditions and has no single founder. Find and save ideas about Yoruba religion on Pinterest. Rituals and customs Dancer in Havana ©. Candomble is an African-Brazilian religion has around two million followers. West African Religion: Illustrated from the Beliefs and Practices of the Yoruba, Ewe, Akan, and Kindred Peoples. In Cuba, Brazil, Haiti and Trinidad, the religious rites Yorubas, beliefs, music and myths are enthroned to the present time. The Lukumí call the head "lerí", as in Oyo "orí" is rather called "erí", or refer to the bean-cake (as a dish for the Orisha) not as "moin-moin" but "olelé". While the history of Yoruba religion has been of a variety of traditional forms throughout the kingdoms, traders came into contact with Islam as early as the 17th Century, and Islam was established in Ketu before the 18th Century, so that between 1755 and 1780 (the reign of Oba Adele I) there were already Muslims in Lagos. ” Santeria is based on Yoruba beliefs, while Voodoo is based on Fon and Ewe beliefs. "Es absurdo", aquellas casas de Santo que por alguna razón u otra manejen ambas tradiciones como la yoruba y palo mayombe, deberán llevarla por separado y no ligar una con la otra. The religious traditions of the Lucumi nation in Cuba were an amalgamation of the religious practices of Orisha worship of the Yoruba people, and other West and Central African religious traditions. Its homeland is in Southwestern Nigeria and the adjoining parts of Benin and Togo, a region that has come to be known as Yorubaland. The Yoruba calendar is full of religious holidays and rituals to worship these gods, most of which are practiced even by Christian and Muslim Yoruba as a form of cultural dedication. Santeria is an Afro-Caribbean religion which is becoming more widely practiced in North American as immigration continues from Latin America and specifically Cuba. Death and funeral rituals in Africa are deeply rooted in the cultural beliefs, traditions, and indigenous religions of the continent. Basic Yoruba belief involves ritual practices such as singing, dancing, drumming, spirit possession, ritual healing, respect for ancestors and divination. One idea behind yoruba religion is that natural objects, like trees, rivers, stones, metal, have a spiritual existence. One Response to Yoruba people of Nigeria, the history, religion, and arts ojoade modupe July 18, 2011 at 2:24 am i am proud 2 be a yoruba lady though from ondo state, i love yoruba way of greeting,dressing,music n their food,although in my place ondo,we eat 'pupuru and obe orugbo'. Santeria (Way of the Saints) is an Afro-Caribbean religion based on Yoruba beliefs and traditions, with some Roman Catholic elements added. Under the influence of colonial rule and religious pressures, traditional beliefs and practices were discriminated against. well as local, 4 and that Yoruba Religion is very rich in terms of concepts, doctrines, philosophy, and sublime practices some of which are funerary rites, ancestor veneration, doctrine of the soul and life hereafter. Yoruba religious beliefs share tied with Itan, which comprises songs, histories, stories, and other cultural concepts of the Yoruba society. Rituals are performed largely to appease or gain favor.